Guitar-like instruments, like the lute, have been dated back as far as 3100 BCE making them one of the oldest musical instruments. Since their development, all that time ago, the guitar has been through many changes. Now there are a huge number of different guitars available but there are five main types of guitar that these will fall into: 

Acoustic

There are two types of acoustic guitar: namely, the steel-string acoustic guitar and the classical guitar. Steel-string acoustic guitars produce a metallic sound that is a distinctive component of a wide range of popular genres. Steel-string acoustic guitars are sometimes referred to as flat tops. The word top refers to the face or front of the guitar, which is also called the table. Classical guitars have a wider neck than steel-string guitars and are strung with nylon strings. They are primarily associated with the playing of the solo classical guitar repertoire. Classical guitars are sometimes referred to as Spanish guitars in recognition of their country of origin.

The acoustic guitar lends itself to a variety of tasks and roles. Its portability and ease of use make it the ideal songwriter’s tool. Its gentle harp-like arpeggios and rhythmic chordal strumming has always found favor in an ensemble. The acoustic guitar has a personal and intimate quality that is suited to small halls, churches, and private spaces. For larger venues some form of amplification is required. An acoustic guitar can be amplified by placing a microphone in front of the sound hole or by installing a pickup. There are many entry-level acoustic guitar models that are manufactured to a high standard, and these are entirely suitable as a first guitar for a beginner.

Electric Guitar

Electric Guitar are solid-bodied guitars that are designed to be plugged into an amplifier. The electric guitar when amplified produces a sound that is metallic with a lengthy decay. The shape of an electric guitar is not determined by the need for a deep resonating body and this had led to the development of contoured and thin bodied electric guitars. The two most popular designs are the Fender Stratocaster and the Gibson Les Paul.

It’s differ from other types of guitar because they produce a sound by converting the vibration of the strings into electric signals. Meaning that unlike the other guitar types you cannot just pick up an electric guitar and play it. You will need to plug the electric guitar into an amplifier to get a sound.

Electro-Acoustic Guitar

The electro-acoustic guitar is basically the same as an acoustic guitar but with the option to amplify the sound by plugging into amplifiers. Electro-acoustic guitars are also popular for use with recording equipment and sound effect pedals. 

It has pickups that are specifically designed to reproduce the subtle nuances of the acoustic guitar timbre. Electro-acoustic pickups are designed to sound neutral with little alteration to the acoustic tone. The Ovation range of Electro-acoustic guitars have under-the-saddle piezo pickups and a synthetic bowl-back design.

Bass Guitar

The bass guitar is designed to produce a much lower tone than the other guitars. Most modern bass guitars are electric and feature four strings, though some bass guitars do have five or six stings. 

The bass guitar has a long neck (scale-length) and thick strings. The open strings of the bass guitar corresponds to the four lowest strings of the guitar and are pitched an octave lower. Because the bass guitar is the bass instrument of the guitar family and the double-bass is the bass instrument of the orchestral string family, their similar roles have drawn bass players to both instruments.

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